Medically Reviewed on 1/3/2022
4 most common superficial fungal infections are athlete’s foot, ringworm, jock itch, and genital candidiasis
A fungus is a microscopic organism that can be found anywhere in the atmosphere, such as:
- On surfaces, including the human body
Thousands of varieties of fungus are present in the environment, a few are responsible for human infections. When a fungus settles on the skin, a rash may be produced that causes itching, redness, and irritation.
Various infections are caused by a fungus, among which the most common fungal infection is superficial or skin infection.
4 most common superficial fungal infections
Athlete’s foot fungal infection
Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis), often called ringworm of the foot, is a fungal infection of the skin on the bottom of the foot caused by a dermatophyte.
Athlete’s foot, the most prevalent fungal illness in humans, can be transmitted to humans by direct contact with diseased individuals, infected animals, and contaminated things, such as:
- Shared towels
- Locker room flooring
- The soil
Athlete’s foot is caused by
- Trichophyton rubrum
- T interdigitale
- Epidermophyton floccosum
The athlete’s foot may affect people of different ages, ethnicities, and genders; however, it is more frequent in men than in women. It is uncommon among children.
6 symptoms of athlete’s foot
- Itch and white patches between toes
- The skin may turn red
- May produce sore and flaky patches on the skin
- The skin under the feet may crack open and bleed
- The soles may be affected, and fluid-filled blisters may be formed
- If it is left untreated or develops into a severe infection, the toenails may be affected causing fungal nail infection
Treatment of athlete’s foot
Athletes’ foot fungal infection usually needs medical attention because it does not subside on its own. With the use of antifungal medications, it gets cured within a few weeks.
- Topical antifungal therapy is administered as the initial therapy
- Oral antifungals will be prescribed if the infection does not go away with topical therapy.
Ringworm fungal infection
Tinea corporis, commonly called ringworm of the body or just ringworm, is a widespread fungal infection of the skin’s surface.
Ringworm fungal infection is not caused by a worm, but it is caused by a fungus called dermatophyte. The infection presents itself as red ring-shaped spots with a raised scaly border that range in size from 1 to 10 cm.
Ringworm is transmitted from person to person by direct skin-to-skin contact or through contact with infected things, such as combs, unclean clothing, and shower surfaces. Some pets including cats and dogs and other domestic animals (including cows, goats, horses, and pigs) can carry the fungus and spread it to humans.
Athletes are at the risk of getting ringworm because dermatophytes flourish in warm, damp environments. Athletes are likely to sweat and be around people who are sweating. Therefore, prevention is so crucial.
3 types of ringworm fungal infection
6 symptoms of ringworm
Treatment for ringworm
Topical antifungal therapy, which includes:
Rosacea, Acne, Shingles, Covid-19 Rashes: Common Adult Skin Diseases
Jock itch fungal infection
Jock itch (tinea cruris) is a fungal infection of the skin at the groin. It is frequently transferred to the groin from a tinea infection on the feet, also called tinea pedis and athlete’s foot. It may be seen in the inner thighs along with the groin and may spread to the abdomen.
Jock itch is quite widespread all around the world although it is more prevalent in warm, damp climates where the fungus grows.
Jock itch is more common in those who wear tight clothing for long periods, share clothing, indulge in athletics or are overweight or diabetic. Adult men are more prone to it.
6 symptoms of jock itch
Treatment of jock itch
Over-the-counter antifungal lotions are quite effective, such as:
Apply the lotion two times a day until the rash appears to be gone, which usually takes two to three weeks. For several weeks, there may be flat, brown spots of discoloration, but they do not need to be treated if there is no itching or lumps and scales in the region.
Reinfection can be avoided. Keep the region cool and dry by completely drying the body after showering and wearing loose cotton clothes. Warm water should be used to wash clothes and linens.
Yeast fungal infection
Candidiasis often called a yeast infection, is an infection caused by Candida albicans, which is a common yeast or fungal organism present in the environment. This yeast can sometimes be found in the mouth, stomach (gastrointestinal tract), and vagina.
They may reside with a variety of harmless bacteria, without creating any problems; however, in some situations, the fungus will grow and cause sickness, such as:
- Weakened immune system
- Prolonged use of antibiotics or corticosteroids
- When a person is on treatment modalities against cancer
- Individuals with diabetes
Depending on the location affected, yeast infections can take many forms. Because yeast thrives in moist environments, it is most typically found in the mouth, vagina, and wetter skin regions.
Most yeast infections are superficial and treatable. However, significant life-threatening yeast infections can spread throughout the body in patients with compromised immune systems.
4 common types of yeast infection
7 treatment options for yeast infections
- Clotrimazole or miconazole two times daily for 10 to 14 days with hydrocortisone cream 0.5 to 1 percent administered two times daily after the antifungal cream
Ringworm is caused by a fungus.
Medically Reviewed on 1/3/2022
Cleveland Clinic. Skin Fungus. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4276-skin-fungus
Sepsis Alliance. Fungal Infections. https://www.sepsis.org/sepsisand/fungal-infections/
Cedars-Sinai. Tinea Infection. https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/t/tinea-infection.html
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